Soru Kelimeleri İle Soru Cümlesi Oluşturma; Where, What, Why…

Soru Kelimeleri İle Soru Cümlesi Oluşturma

WHERE IS …? WHERE CAN…? WHY DOES…?

where, when, why gibi soru kelimeleri ile soru cümlesi oluştururken, yes-no soru cümlesinin başına bu soru kelimelerini getiririz.

Olumlu cümle: Anna is in Russia. I will see her on Tuesday.
Soru cümlesi: Where is Anna? When will you see her?

Eğer olumlu cümle içinde yardımcı fiil yok ise, bu cümleler geniş ya da geçmiş zamanlı cümlelerdir ve soru kelimesinden sonra do/does/did yardımcı fiillerini zamana göre getiririz.

Olumlu cümle: He likes his job. I came here to learn .
Soru cümlesi: How does he like his job? Why did you come here?

Aşağıda soru kelimeleri ile kurulmuş soru cümlelerini inceleyelim:

  • (you staying?) Where are you staying? ‘At the Park Hotel’
  • (you arrive?) When did you arrive? ‘Last Nihgt’
  • (you here?) Why are you here? ‘to see Scotland’
  • (you been today?) Where have you been today? ‘To Edinburg’
  • (you going to Glasgow?) When are you going to Glasgow? ‘Next weekend’
  • (you like Scotland?) How do you like Scotland? ‘It is great!’
  • (you come here?) How did you come here? ‘By car.’
  • (you come by car?) Why did come here by car? ‘I like driving.’
  • (you live?) Where do you live? ‘In Germany.’
  • (you leaving?) When are you leaving? ‘Next Tuesday.’
  • (we see you again? ?) When will we see you again? ‘I’ll be back next summer.’

 

How ile ilgili soru sorarken genellikle how + sıfat/zarf yapısını kullanırız:

How old is your sister? How tall are you? How fast can you run?

Aşağıdaki tabloda ve örnek cümlelerde how soru kelimesinin nasıl kullanıldığını inceleyelim:

How old …? How far …? How long …? How tall …?
How big …? How fast …? How often …? How well …?
  • How far is your house from here? ‘About 5 km.’
  • How tall is John? ‘Very tall-nearly two metres.’
  • How fast was she driving? ‘The police say she was doing 160 km/h.’
  • How often do you see your parents. ‘Every week.’
  • How big is Ann’s flat? ‘Very small-just one room and a bathroom.’
  • How long did you stay in China? ‘I was there for six months.’
  • How well do you speak Spanish? ‘Not very well.’

Bazı soru cümleleri what+isim ile başlarlar:

  • What time is the film?
  • What time does the train leave?
  • What colour are her eyes?
  • What size are you?
  • What sort of books do you read?
  • What sort of films do oyu like?

Aşağıdaki örnek cümleleri ve verilen cevapları inceleyelim:

  • What time does her plane arrive?
  • Eight o’clock, if it is not late.

  • What colour is the baby’s hair?
  • She hasn’t got any.

  • What kind of music do you play?
  • Pop, mostly.

  • I’d like a packet of rice, please.
  • What size, small or large?

  • Can I borrow one of your sweaters?
  • Sure. What colour would you like? Blue? Green?

  • What kind of holidays do you prefer?
  • We usually go to the mountains.

  • What time did yo get home?
  • I don’t remember. It was very late.

  • I need a sweather. What size are you?
  • Extra large.

Eğer bir şeyin tanımını soruyorsa, What is/are/was/were …. like şeklindeki yapıyı kullanırız.

  • Where have you been? ‘In Ireland’
  • What was the weather like? ‘OK.’

  • What is your new boyfriend like?
  • He is very nice.

Aşağıda verilmiş örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:

  • What is your new boss like?
  • He is not very good at his job.

  • What is your new girlfriend like?
  • She is beautiful.

  • What is your new neighnours like?
  • Very noisy. They have parties all night.

  • What is your new car like?
  • OK.-it is a bit slow.

  • What is your new house like?
  • Great – we’ve got much more room.

  • What is your new school like?
  • The teachers aren’t much good.

Aşağıda bazı kullanışlı soru cümlelerini verdik:

  • Where are you from?
  • Where do you come from?
  • How long have you been here?
  • How long are you here for? (=until when …?)
  • How long does it take to get London?
  • How long does it take to learn English?
  • How do you spell that word?
  • How do you pronounce this word?

Bir önceki yazımız olan Yes - No Soru Cümleleri, Yapısı başlıklı makalemizde , english ve hakkında bilgiler verilmektedir.

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